Tag Archives: 401k

401k Plans Year 2022 Limits ($20,500 + $6,500 Catch Up), IRA Stay Same ($6,000 + $1,000 Catch Up) … Hmmm?

Great News for corporate and similar retirement plans as we get a 5% (actually 5.13%) bump in contribution limits…yay

Not sure what happened to the cost of living adjustments (COLA) for regular IRA’s, Roth’s and our catch up provisions as they are stuck once again at the same levels? Maybe they are only going to increase them every four years which puts an increase next year? Maybe they (IRS) does not want to confuse us? Either way, here are the updated rules from the IRS latest release for year 2022 !

The following from this IRS.GOV announcement and hot links are live back to the IRS website if you have deeper questions on each subject!

Deferral limits for 401(k) plans 

The limit on employee elective deferrals (for traditional and safe harbor plans) is:

  • $20,500 in 2022 ($19,500 in 2021 and 2020; and $19,000 in 2019), subject to cost-of-living adjustments

Catch-up contributions for those age 50 and over

If permitted by the 401(k) plan, participants age 50 or over at the end of the calendar year can also make catch-up contributions. You may contribute additional elective salary deferrals of:

  • $6,500 in 2022, 2021 and 2020 and $6,000 in 2019 – 2015 to traditional and safe harbor 401(k) plans

Deferral limits for IRA Roth 

For 2022, 2021, 2020 and 2019, the total contributions you make each year to all of your traditional IRAs  and Roth IRAs can’t be more than:

  • $6,000 ($7,000 if you’re age 50 or older), or
  • If less, your taxable compensation for the year

Traditional IRAs

  • Retirement plan at work: Your deduction may be limited if you (or your spouse, if you are married) are covered by a retirement plan at work and your income exceeds certain levels.
  • No retirement plan at work: Your deduction is allowed in full if you (and your spouse, if you are married) aren’t covered by a retirement plan at work.

These charts show the income range in which your deduction may be disallowed if you or your spouse participates in a retirement plan at work:

2022

2021

Roth IRAs

This table shows whether your contribution to a Roth IRA is affected by the amount of your modified AGI as computed for Roth IRA purpose.

If your filing status is…And your modified AGI is…Then you can contribute…
married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)< $204,000up to the limit
singlehead of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year< $129,000up to the limit

Have a Great “Year 2022 Retirement Limits Update” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

June 2021 Financial Planning and Capital Market Review – By John Kvale

Hello and Welcome to our June 2021 Financial Planning and Capital Market Update!

If you are too busy to read, feel free to listen as we describe our post and thoughts in friendly podcast audio format as well as Video!

Newbies –

We like to articulate our thoughts and review on a Monthly basis our Financial Planning Tips, Capital Markets and current events!

BREAK IN – HOLIDAY PARTY NOVEMBER 20 FROM 3-5 AT DALLAS ATHLETIC CLUB

Hope you enjoy!

June 2021 Video

YouTube

Financial Planning Tip(s)

Why Not to Overfund a Retirement Plan

In this updated post from a few years ago, we remind how easily it is to overfund a 401k plan and why, while it is not the end of the world, it is not a good tax situation….

Should you accidentally over fund your retirement plan … what occurs is a double taxation!

  1. You do not get the deduction for the contribution
  2. You will likely pay taxes on the eventual distribution

Job change is the most likely reason for overfunding!

Pesky Late Arriving Tax Form Reminder – Form 5498

In this mid month post we remind those of an extra late arriving tax form….

Murphy’s law being applied, the form just arrived last week….about two weeks after our post…..

Reason for receipt:

  • Rollover of a 401k or the like to an IRA – Most frequent
  • Contribution to an IRA
  • Contribution to a SEP

One of the most confusing parts of this form is that even though you may have made a qualified contribution for a prior year i.e. 2020, if you made that contribution in 2021, depending on the type of contribution the Form 5498 MAY show your contribution in year 2021.

Capital Market Comments

Inflation or No Inflation

In this part two post, “The Smartest Guys in the Room” post we discussed via interest rate futures graphs the movement after FOMC dot plot adjustments and the interest rate markets….

This is an updated Graph of the 2 year US Treasury, which is holding lower, (higher yield) possibly due to faster expected rate increases!

This is the ultra long 30 Year Treasury, which continues to trend higher (lower Yield) possible pricing less inflation from the above mentioned expected shorter term rate increases!

Ok…that’s a wrap for the June review…. Hello July!

Have a Great Day, Talk to You at the End of July!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why You Do Not Want to Overfund Your 401k or Other Retirement Plan and How it Can Happen !

The most common type of Retirement Plan, the 401k in 2021 has a maximum deferral amount of $19,500 with a catch up provision for those age 50 or greater of $6.500 for a total of $26,000 again in year 2021.

Why You Do Not Want to Overfund Your Retirement Plan

Should you accidentally over fund your retirement plan … what occurs is a double taxation!

  1. You do not get the deduction for the contribution
  2. You will likely pay taxes on the eventual distribution

This is not the end of the world, especially if a very small dollar amount, but you still do not want this to happen…

How Does Overfunding a 401k Occur ? – Job Change

While it may seem puzzling at first, upon second thought the most common reason for overfunding a retirement plan is a job change.

It is impossible for your new employer to know your prior contributions, so an accidental overzealous withholding that throws you over the annual maximum will not be allowed from a IRS tax standpoint.

If you change jobs mid year, be sure to carefully determine your prior withholdings and monitor you new withholdings throughout the year as the burden is on us the employee to keep ourselves in check with the maximum.

For those gainfully employed at the same employer we have not seen an accidental over allowance in a very long time, so most employers have systems set up to automatically stop your contribution once the maximum is achieved. Should your employer merge with another company or change administrators, it is a good idea to make sure they pick up your prior contributions, which can be achieved by checking your paycheck’s ytd retirement plan withholdings after the change.

The good news is there are ways in certain cases to unwind this overpayment, but they are frequently very complicated, may create a tax issue for the IRS to review, and in some cases just not available.

Have a Great “No Overfunded 401k” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Confusing Tax Form 5498 Coming to Your Mailbox if any Qualified/IRA Activities

So we all trudged through the two decades of changed tax laws, and for the most part put them behind us … at least until extension filing deadline for some….

Just as we are forgetting about Forms, notifications, and tax documents, here comes one more!

Not to worry!

Form 5498 Reminder2019 Form 5498

The late arriving Tax Form 5498 can be confusing as it arrives seemingly late, but not to worry, its’ purpose is settlement …. Here at the Form 5498 IRS website it is noted as “An Info Copy Only” meaning this form is for our information only and no action is required.

So why does this form arrive so late?

Form 5498 captures movement into IRA/Qualified accounts and since we can contribute to IRA’s until the filing date of this year, they have chosen to have the form reported to them AFTER the regular April filing date to capture as many as possible this year contributions for last year….

Getting into the weeds for a moment as an example, if you roll over a 401k into your IRA Rollover… a Form 5498 will find its way to your mailbox …. not to worry, this seemingly late form settles up with the IRS in crazy accurate fashion one year later…showing them that you did NOT take the funds personally and absolving you of any tax burden.

Bottom line – This seemingly alarmingly late form needs to be tossed in your 2019 Tax File and kept for this years taxes, when we file in April of 2020!

Have a Great “No Alarming Tax Form” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

Q 2 2019 Newsletter Video Audio Podcast Review By John Kvale

Welcome to our Video and Audio Podcast Review of our Q 2 2019 Newsletter. For those on the road or just unable to grab the time to read, our podcast type review gives you the behind the scenes insight to our thoughts, observations and deep views of the entire Newsletter.

Click Here for direct link to an electronic version (an early peek-good ole fashion paper versions are on their way to you shortly) and here for our Newsletter page

Let’s get going!

 Q 2 2019 Newsletter

And here is your review!

Capital Market Talk

Recession and the Inverted Yield Curve

Ask any long distant runner what happens when they start out too fast and they will tell you it is not good new – The saying goes for every minute you go out too fast, you come back two minutes slower than normal…

In our main capital market article we discuss the reasons why we may have a recession by definition, but why it may not be a big deal (hopefully).

The Inverted Yield Curve (Short term interest rates higher than long term rates) and infrequent event, did occur for five days – so far – just after our Newsletter went to the publisher. The Inversion has been a good signal of recession, EVENTUALLY – some times as long as two years in advance.

They Don’t Want Your old 401k

A recent Cerulli study finds that once you leave the company, most really do not want your funds anymore. We have long suspected this.

  1. Frequently a short wait time turns into a long wait time with a different and much more general help line.
  2. Forms may be much more difficult to acquire.
  3. Paper work received, saying take it or we will distribute it and you will have taxes and penalties.
  4. Rolling over into an account that is TERRIBLY hard to get out and has hurdles to jump through, high monthly service charges as well as limited investments, if any.
  5. A general feel of everything is hard to do, once again explaining the Cerulli study results.

Are a few items we have run into over the years!

Iron Clad Trustee

General order of Trustee or other important people to execute your wishes when you are incapacitated or deceased, generally go like this:

  • Spouse
  • Sibling
  • CLOSE friend
  • Similar Aged Relative
  • Grown Children

As we can all imagine, this list can easily be very short and insufficient.

In our deep dive of the Institutional Trustee Services, we discuss the handiness of having such a great service as well as the ability to offer these services ourselves.

Choose Your Beneficiaries Carefully

In this article that fit nicely with our Trustee article we mention different types of Beneficiaries and most importantly. Make sure you confirm that your beneficiaries are correct as this will over ride you other documents, including a Will or Trust.

We hope you enjoy … talk to you in the Summer!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

January 2019 Podcast Video, Financial Planning and Capital Market Update – By John Kvale

Hello and Welcome to our January 2019 Financial Planning and Capital Market Update!

If you are too busy to read, feel free to listen as we describe our post and thoughts in friendly podcast format as well as Video!

Newbies – We like to articulate our thoughts and review on a Monthly basis our Financial Planning Tips, Capital Markets and current events!

January – 2019 Video

Financial Planning Tip (s) –

Get and Earlier than normal start on those Taxestaxes control-1027103_1280

Here in this post, we remind everyone that due to the new tax laws, it will be a good idea to get your tax information to your professional as soon as possible.

If your using tax software, be sure to do the recommended updates as we feel certain there will be necessary updates to the tables along the way.

Corrected 1099’s are the usual, with only a few last year, we will give everyone the green light once we get our first round of corrected tax forms – but again go ahead and get started with your taxes!

Stunning Findings about your old employer 401kabonded dawn-3358468__480

We had long suspected as much, but in this post we review a Cerulli study that interviewed over 800 401k providers, only to find out that less than 30% really want your funds once you leave.

We have experienced less than stellar service over the years with former employees 401k plans – leading to our long suspicion of these findings.

Make Pension Changes/Decisions Carefullythumbs-up-2056022__480

While our favorite commencement benefit for pensions (100% jt survivor) is fairly straight forward, the simplicity ends there.

In this post, we review recent trends in buy outs and what to watch for, as well as the many scenarios we have experienced that are not always in our best interest.

Capital Market Comments –

Good News – Recovery without a Re-test – So far

What a different a month makes – WOW! We literally have gone from the sky is falling to sunshine!

In our summary post in December, we mentioned that fast moving slumps, such as the one we had, frequently do not last long….

Here, earlier in the month we also mentioned that we fully expected some type of retest of those lows before we gained our footing.

We still do expect some type of re-test, but as of this date we have had the following positives that have added to the markets better mood:

  1. Federal Reserve (FOMC) have turned very cautious about raising rates further (We are happily surprised at their yielding, and even more surprised at market participants joy)
  2. Tariff talks are making progress – Interestingly, China has seen a slow down in their economy making for slightly more urgent talks – with a little compromise and statesmanship a resolve looks more likely – again a positive for capital markets.
  3. Earnings are still cranking along – For the prior 4-6 quarters, earnings were red hot and hitting on all cylinders, so hot, they were not sustainable. Companies are still reporting good earnings, just not the Red Hot, overheated earnings from prior quarters – this is good news as it avails the FOMC to not have to raise rates to slow the economy –

All in all a Win- Win!

Have a Great Day – Talk to you at the end of February!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
street-cents

Something we have long suspected, Cerulli Report Confirms: They Don’t Want your 401k Money Once You Leave the Company – WOW!

Over the years we have noticed once an Employee leaves a company, certainly their status goes down, but often times they seem to have trouble getting answers, controlling their old plans, and in particular, working with their old 401k provider.

From our perspective, as you may imagine a latest Cerulli report not only clarifies why these experiences occur, but also confirm our suspicions!

Cerulli Report Confirms “They don’t want your old 401k Money!”

As of this post, we have requested a copy of the report that will certainly make a full appearance again here at street-cents and likely in our Newsletter – (This report is only a week old and privy to professional media members AT THIS TIME)abonded dawn-3358468__480

This Financial Advisor Article  caught our attention as in disbelief we read the abbreviated story on the Cerulli Report:

This from the article:

Overall, plan sponsors don’t seem especially interested in keeping their retired workers’ assets, according to Cerulli. A recent survey by the firm of 800 plan sponsors found that 59 percent preferred that workers take their assets and leave. About 27 percent of respondents said they preferred keeping such assets in their plan

The problem with this is that workers forced (or feeling forced/neglected) to take their funds, without direction – frequently tend to cash out their plans, sacrificing their future!

We look forward to expanding on this story as we receive more details. We will also give you the real life experiences we have come across along with the limitations many providers have.

For now, if you have left your company and are not feeling the love, so to speak… you know why!

Have a Great “Understanding of the Lost love 401k” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

 

Time of the year to check your retirement contributions!

As we enter the home stretch of the year, we wanted to remind all to confirm the desired contribution level is being met for your company retirement plan.

Retirement Contribution Levels

401k and similar corporate plans – $18k + $6k if over age 50

Now is a good time to confirm our desired level of contribution is actually occurring. If not, this is the perfect time to adjust.401k-illustration-1637162

  • Bonus offset
  • Pay Raise
  • Company ownership change
  • 401lk/similar plan Provider change
  • Investment options adjustments

All of the above and others, are reasons contribution levels may vary from our desired level.

Take a few minutes to check your latest paycheck and confirm your YTD deferrals …. Contact us with any questions, we are glad to help !

Have a great “Confirmed Retirement Contribution” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

 

April 2017 Podcast Video, Financial Planning Tax Review and Earnings Update- By John Kvale

Whew, that was easy…. tax season is finally mostly over ….

We wanted to look back one last time on our personal taxes before we sunset those tax strategies for the high point of the season….

As a reminder,  we started with an Audio Podcast format for those that are unable to SEE the video or just prefer to listen to the audio… this makes the review slightly longer, but more descriptive.

Enjoy!

April 2017 Video

 

Financial Planning Tip(s)-

AMT Tax Reminder

We ran across a lot of AMT or Alternative Minimum Taxes this season

Here are the key thoughts from our detailed post on AMT earlier this month-

  • Incomes between $170k and $313k joint and singles over $100k – you are in the cross hairs of AMT
  • Deferring income may be useful
  • Accelerate income

There is not a lot of planning changes with AMT, but in this case knowledge may be power!

Possible MAJOR tax reform

Late in the month an overview of major tax reform was released.

Here is a link from the White House

Here is a link from Barron’s that does a pretty good analysis

Here is our article on the possibilities earlier this month

What to do if you overfund your 401k/retirement plan

In our overfunding 401k post here, we discuss how your 401k/retirement plan can get overfunded….. here are the main points

  • Refund the extra amount ASAP
  • Apply the extra to the new year
  • If its a super small amount, its not the end of the world

Capital Market Comments

First Double Digit Earnings growth since 2011 expected

From our friends at Factset, who do a terrific job of outlining historic and future earnings.

Earnings are the ultimate driver of capital markets!

4-27-17 SP earnings estimates - Factset

What is nice about these estimates are that historically companies have been beating the street estimates … if this continues, the actual earnings may be even better double digit growth…. time will tell and we will be watching!

Hello May!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com,

Taxes are Done… Finally … A Few Tips to Remember Before Sticking that Information Back into the Files

After each tax season we always feel relieved, as the pressure builds slowly but surely, much like the frog in the boiling water. This story has a better ending.

Taxes are done!

Here are a few tips that are hot of the presses and good reminders for NEXT years taxes!

HSA’s are Great, as is all pre-tax medical savings plansUncle Sam

If you can do an HSA, do one. If you are not sure, reach out to your employer and find out if you qualify, they will know in very short order. Don’t worry about using all of your HSA during the year, you will eventually need the funds for medical expenses.

We prefer HSA to the FSA’s or other plans that may expire annually. However, all pre-tax plans for medical expenses are great. When using the FSA or other “use it or lose it” type of plan, just make sure you do use it and do not let those hard earned dollars expire as the calendar turns to a new year.

Max that 401k

Now is a great time to make sure you are maxing your retirement plan. Do it evenly if possible! In a perfect scenario you likely want to run out of contributions in late November or early December. There are situations such as retirement, job change or other that may make it more appealing to fund early.

Do not overfund your 401k. This can be done via a job change or plan change. We have a more comprehensive article coming soon, but be reminded we do not want to over fund our 401k plans.

New plans can be aggressively invested. As the amount grows, the portfolio should be slowed down and be better diversified for the long term.

You Owed a bunch

If you owed a large amount of money and this is occurring repeatedly, it may be time to adjust your exemptions on for your employers W-4 records of your personal exemptions. Determine what your exemptions are currently and make an adjustment down in number. After your next paycheck, extrapolate the adjustment and see if that will cover your liability. Reach out to us if you need help!

Extension Filers

If you filed and extension, keep your feet moving, especially if you had large transactions or other items that may throw you into an “owed” mode. The longer you wait the more the penalties will be if you are caught by surprise.

Relax and enjoy the rest of the week and the full speed ahead into Summer !

You deserve it!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com