Tag Archives: FOMC

Interest Rates Part FIVE/Final – The FOMC Overshoot, a Recession Predictor – The Inverted Yield Curve

Finally our conclusion to what we have all been waiting for …. The Predictive Value of our discussion …

So we know the FOMC fiddles with rates…

The FOMC Federal Open Market Committee raising the totally controlled short end … recall, they do not totally control the longer end… capital market participants do!

 

FOMC Raises Rates

This following Chart is our sizzle….

This is the difference of the 2 year yield and the 10 year yield for about 5-6 decades…

When the 2 year yield is BELOW the 10 year  yield the line is plotted above zero … think 1% less 3%, would give you a data point of 2 on this chart….

When the short end of the curve is ABOVE the long end — totally backwards to all logic, the plot on the graph would be BELOW zero… areas which we have circled in red…

Grey area are recessions …. just behind the inversions —

Take a moment and check this chart out…

2s 10s Spread W Recession sfredgraph

Here is an easier to see chart from 1999 to present–

2s 10s spread 99 to present - fredgraph

Why don’t they stop raising?

They cannot, it is their mandate – keep inflation under control …. raising rates is their main control mechanism.

Also, it is beyond their control as investors actually pile into the long end of the curve dropping it’s rate while the FOMC raises, in anticipation of the next recession…

Creating the Inverted Yield Curve!

In Never go all in or All out fashion, if the curve inverts we do not pack up our things and leave …. BUT  caution is definitely advised.

There will be excuses …

  • it’s different this time …
  • rates are un-natural …
  • rates are low …

Maybe- worth heeding with a track record shown above….

We will keep you posted!

Hope you enjoyed the Series … Quick links – Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4

Have a Great “Not Inverted Yield Curve” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

Interest Rates Part FOUR — How the FOMC Fiddles with Rates — Federal Reserve Rate Control

As we near our fantastic conclusion to our multiple part series on Interest rates (next post is the last) lets quickly review where we came from.

In our First Post here, we spoke of the basic yield curve and how it logically moves from lower left to higher right high to account for risk …. Recall if a buddy borrows $100 bucks and promises to pay it back tomorrow its a lot less risky than if he promises to pay it back next year… and you would rightly charge him more for the delayed time… The Basic Yield Curve!

In our Second Post here, we spoke of movement of the yield curve … basically a parallel shift upward in better economic times and a parallel shift lower during slower economic times – all other things being equal, which they of course never are…

In our Third Post here, we discussed the players and assets that might sit along the yield curve, attempting to make for a more REAL world example(s)

Today … Well, let’s get to it

Where the Federal Reserve (FOMC) Fiddles on the Yield Curve

For all practical purposes  the FOMC/Federal Reserve can completely control the short end of the curve as shown on our graph… Special shout out to the 13 year old tennis player working with the new Apple Pencil (neat subject for another time)- for the updated colored graphs…. yea this is our weekend workings during rain on tennis days..haha

Post GREAT Recession of 2007-2009 the FOMC not only lowered their totally controlled short end of the yield curve – but took the unusual action of using government money to purchase assets of the longer term in order to push longer term rates down as well …

Blue is the normal yield curve – Green is the greatly lowered yield curve we have of late most recently been experiencing ….. Yea the short rate was essentially at ZERO – about what all of our checking accounts have been earning until just recently

Here is the lowering of rates graph:

FOMC Lowers Rates and buys longer to lower

 

It is essential that the FOMC eventually normalize the yield curve back to the original lower left upper right as keeping it unnaturally low for too long will likely lead to an overheating of the economy, not to mention over use of risk via leverage/loans …

Here is the Raising or Normalizing Graph we are currently experiencing:

FOMC Raises Rates

Next up our conclusion, and most importantly it’s predictive behavior over the last six decades….

Have a Great “Rising Rates” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

 

Yellen speaks, Fed Balance Sheet Unwind Preview – Friday

FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) chair Janet Yellen laid out their plans for the reduction in the balance sheet. We spoke of this earlier here in this post.

Here is an updated graph from the Federal Reserve

9-28-17 Fed Balance SheetWe will discuss in great detail soon the interesting, slow tightening compared to all the historical adjustments that have been made before. This time it really is different, at least now, notably slower!

Today is the last day of the quarter, which means a monthly review and our Quarterly Newsletter coming soon … both with Podcast Videos now !!

Have a Great Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

No Increase YET, Shrinking Balance Sheet ? Huh …. Friday still from afar…

On their regularly scheduled meeting Wednesday (7-26-17), Janet Yellen chief of Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) and committee announced unsurprisingly, no rate increase. The committee also announced they would be shrinking the balance sheet soon.

Shrinking the balance sheet? huh…

Alan Greenspan (Former, former FOMC chair Yellen-Ben Bernanke- Alan Greenspan) made it clear if you understood what he said, he did not do his job … that language continues today!

Here is a preview graph of the FOMC “Balance Sheet”…

Next week we will explain what shrinking the balance sheet means… in English..hah

Ahhh…but that is next week … today is a Friday and we are still working remotely from afar … (Technology is treating us well!)

Enjoy your Friday and your weekend!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

Technology Upgrade Update – Rates Rise – Friday

On Monday of next week we hopefully successfully do a major upgrade to our internal email systems. This will mean each of our company emails will be down, but not all at the same time. As the switch occurs, while promised nothing will fall through the cracks by our IT team, if you happen to send an email and you have not heard from us, please re-send it just to be safe.

Rates

Ok, it’s a Friday so we will be brief, Janet Yellen, head of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) notched another rate increase under her belt without disrupting the capital markets. Once thought impossible, so far, slow and steady (tortoise- not the hare) is winning the interest rate normalization race.

This is a good chart of the ever increasing rates… finally !

Fed Funds Rate 6-15-17 fredgraph

Ahhhh…. Today is a Friday… enjoy your day and your weekend !

Talk to you next week!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

 

Interest Rate Increase and No One Cares? We do!

It is very interesting to watch the once ferocious markets hate a possible interest rate increase, only now to greet it like family.

Interest Rate Increase Today

It is highly likely the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) led by Janet Yellen will raise short term interest rates up to the 1% threshold at their announcement later today. What is more interesting is just a few quarters ago even a whiff of a raise threw the capital markets into a tailspin.

Past rate increase events:

  • The US Dollar soared as other countries across the world continued to push their rates down.
  • US Capital Markets threw a temper tantrum in dispute of a raise.
  • Headlines beamed with fear of the crazy FOMC raising rates.

Probably our favorite chart from our friends at JPMorgan- higher rates can be a good thing

There will be a day that it does matter. Rates can go too far which results in an inverted yield curve (short term rates are higher than long). For now it seems everyone is on the same page and digestion of higher rates is occurring.

Have a Great “Higher Short Term Interest Rate” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
http://www.jkfinancialinc.com
http://www.street-cents.com

Everybody is Happy! Q 1 Cover Letter

Everybody is Happy!

From Bloomberg Consumer Sentiment to Gallup Polls to the Conference Board and to our University Of Michigan Survey of Consumers (Multiple Polls reviewed in detail in our most recent Newsletter-coming to you soon) all are pointing higher, with some even pointing to all time highs.

A more pro-growth tone seems to have put wind in the sails of those polled as well as capital market participants. Heck, the most recent quarter even garnered an interest rate increase of a small .25% in the shorter term Federal Funds rate. Looking back just over a quarter and including December of 2016, there are now two interest rate increases under the FOMC’s (Federal Open Market Committee’s) belt. The first rate increase in this economic cycle, post 07-09 Great Recession started in December of 2015. According to many, created the “record breaking” rocky start a year ago. Fast forwarding to today, market participants and the economy for that matter, seem to welcome a normalization of short term rate increases.

Speaking of rate increases, under normal circumstances all other items being held equal, which then never are, interest rate increases are a muzzle on the economy and in many cases are the cause of a larger slowdown or recession. The problem with this comparison is rarely have short term rates been zero, which they were held at for over five years in this economic cycle. It is possible that an increase of rates from such a low level to a more normal level may actually be energizing rather than resistance as past comparisons may show.

Is there a downside?

Capital markets look forward, usually 6-12 months. All this positive sentiment has led to stretched valuations from a historical point. The current Price/Earnings ratio, again shown in our latest newsletter, finds itself at 26, with a long term average of 15. Just as economic cycles do not die of old age, capital markets do not go down just because their valuations may be stretched. Higher valuations can lead to less room for errors, not a time to let our guards down and also not a time to be swinging for the fences, however valuations can return to normal simply with all this positive sentiment translating into higher world capital market earnings. Said another way, “Growing into the current Valuation.” Time will tell, and we will be watching closely.

Spring seems to finally have sprung, enjoy !

Sincerely,

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Enclosure (Q 1 Report)