Category Archives: Why

June 2021 Financial Planning and Capital Market Review – By John Kvale

Hello and Welcome to our June 2021 Financial Planning and Capital Market Update!

If you are too busy to read, feel free to listen as we describe our post and thoughts in friendly podcast audio format as well as Video!

Newbies –

We like to articulate our thoughts and review on a Monthly basis our Financial Planning Tips, Capital Markets and current events!

BREAK IN – HOLIDAY PARTY NOVEMBER 20 FROM 3-5 AT DALLAS ATHLETIC CLUB

Hope you enjoy!

June 2021 Video

YouTube

Financial Planning Tip(s)

Why Not to Overfund a Retirement Plan

In this updated post from a few years ago, we remind how easily it is to overfund a 401k plan and why, while it is not the end of the world, it is not a good tax situation….

Should you accidentally over fund your retirement plan … what occurs is a double taxation!

  1. You do not get the deduction for the contribution
  2. You will likely pay taxes on the eventual distribution

Job change is the most likely reason for overfunding!

Pesky Late Arriving Tax Form Reminder – Form 5498

In this mid month post we remind those of an extra late arriving tax form….

Murphy’s law being applied, the form just arrived last week….about two weeks after our post…..

Reason for receipt:

  • Rollover of a 401k or the like to an IRA – Most frequent
  • Contribution to an IRA
  • Contribution to a SEP

One of the most confusing parts of this form is that even though you may have made a qualified contribution for a prior year i.e. 2020, if you made that contribution in 2021, depending on the type of contribution the Form 5498 MAY show your contribution in year 2021.

Capital Market Comments

Inflation or No Inflation

In this part two post, “The Smartest Guys in the Room” post we discussed via interest rate futures graphs the movement after FOMC dot plot adjustments and the interest rate markets….

This is an updated Graph of the 2 year US Treasury, which is holding lower, (higher yield) possibly due to faster expected rate increases!

This is the ultra long 30 Year Treasury, which continues to trend higher (lower Yield) possible pricing less inflation from the above mentioned expected shorter term rate increases!

Ok…that’s a wrap for the June review…. Hello July!

Have a Great Day, Talk to You at the End of July!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why You Do Not Want to Overfund Your 401k or Other Retirement Plan and How it Can Happen !

The most common type of Retirement Plan, the 401k in 2021 has a maximum deferral amount of $19,500 with a catch up provision for those age 50 or greater of $6.500 for a total of $26,000 again in year 2021.

Why You Do Not Want to Overfund Your Retirement Plan

Should you accidentally over fund your retirement plan … what occurs is a double taxation!

  1. You do not get the deduction for the contribution
  2. You will likely pay taxes on the eventual distribution

This is not the end of the world, especially if a very small dollar amount, but you still do not want this to happen…

How Does Overfunding a 401k Occur ? – Job Change

While it may seem puzzling at first, upon second thought the most common reason for overfunding a retirement plan is a job change.

It is impossible for your new employer to know your prior contributions, so an accidental overzealous withholding that throws you over the annual maximum will not be allowed from a IRS tax standpoint.

If you change jobs mid year, be sure to carefully determine your prior withholdings and monitor you new withholdings throughout the year as the burden is on us the employee to keep ourselves in check with the maximum.

For those gainfully employed at the same employer we have not seen an accidental over allowance in a very long time, so most employers have systems set up to automatically stop your contribution once the maximum is achieved. Should your employer merge with another company or change administrators, it is a good idea to make sure they pick up your prior contributions, which can be achieved by checking your paycheck’s ytd retirement plan withholdings after the change.

The good news is there are ways in certain cases to unwind this overpayment, but they are frequently very complicated, may create a tax issue for the IRS to review, and in some cases just not available.

Have a Great “No Overfunded 401k” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why You May Want to Accept that Seemingly Lowball Offer for that Small Royalty Interest You Have Acquired Some Time Ago …

While we all envy the person on television like Jud Clampett that receives some great news on a royalty interest, (or misses a rabbit only to hit oil) …in real life frequently this can be more trouble than gift.

Living in Texas a state that produces oil and natural gas royalty rights are very popular and frequently handed down from one generation to the next.

Continued Disposition Problems

We are continuing to run into an ever increasing number of need to dispose of seemingly small mineral right properties that maybe had an offer at one time or another that actually cost more to dispose of them the offer.

Photo by Albert Hyseni on Unsplash

Please don’t run out and dump that long ago relative’s income producing oil or gas property that has been in the family for years producing a nice monthly check … but the hundred dollar or seemingly worthless offer for that very small parcel of land that has a very small mineral right may be a good offer not only from a small tax reporting over the years that you may have to do but also from an organization standpoint in your estate.

While there are exceptions and of course when oil prices were in the mid 100s there were extreme cases of payments, it is very likely if you are receiving a very nominal amount of money from your mineral interest over the past decade that that mineral interest likely has very little value and maybe more of a burden to you from a tax standpoint and especially to your heirs from an estate cleaning standpoint than it’s worth.

No Need to Be Reckless – Do some Research

This is once again not an endorsement to go recklessly sell the mass form of income property but rather a recommendation to maybe think twice and do a little research when receiving a seemingly low offer by a professional mineral person who wants to consolidate his portfolio and take that interest off of your hands!

Have a Great “Cleaner Estate” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Proxy Season is Here … Why We Vote For You and What to Do if You are Receiving Proxy Information

Almost all public institutions of all shape and form have what is called a Proxy Vote.

The Proxy is an at least Annual Vote for various items such as approval for management salaries, mergers, company purchases and just an annual approval to continue current services.

Why We Vote Your Proxy

As a regular practice we vote Proxies for all clients. This accomplishes multiple items:

  • Much Greener – We get one statement for literally 100’s of client votes
  • We actually vote – always for management – if we disagreed we would not own the respective asset
  • We keep a permanent record of the vote
  • By voting for you, your mailbox is not stuffed full this time of the year

We try to receive electronic information as much as possible – this is once again green but much of this information is still delivered the old fashion way by snail mail

What to Do If You are Receiving Proxy Information

Occasionally Proxy directives for us to vote for you falls off the system …

When this occurs your mailbox will begin getting full…

No worry, just reach out and we can easily refresh your directives back to us and stop the pelting of mail.

Given the large number of collective votes, we do not know if you have fallen off the directives list, so please do not hesitate to ask us for a refresh.

Have a Great “Proxy Vote Update” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why Student Loan Debt Has Grown So Fast – Change In US Household Types of Debt – Interesting Chart From HowMuch.net – Paired with Another Interesting Chart that Explains from Visual Capitalist

We ran across this neat chart below from “HowMuch.net, a financial literacy website”… which stunned us.

The comparison growth of student loan growth versus other types of debt is amazing.

For the record we are huge fans of higher education, but not the debt that may come with it.

So we set off to see if there were a cause and effect for the above chart…

Thanks to our friends at Visual Capitalist the following chart answers a lot.

The small blue shaded area is inflation, compared to how fast Tuitions have increased… No wonder the gigantic growth in Student Debt…

Have a Great “Cause and Effect” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why You Should Check Your Social Security Earnings Credits No Matter Your Age

While many may argue contrary to our fantastic Social Security speaker whom we have had twice now Mr. Tom Clark who assures us that Social Security will always be there, many do not believe this for various reasons. 

No matter your beliefs or age we highly encourage you to check your Social Security Statement and most importantly your Social Security Earnings Record.  

Earnings Benefit Credit Statement

Do not be concerned if just as this example, does not show your 2020 earnings posted as of yet there have been some delays and normally this is not posted at an early time in the year anyway . 

What we want to be concerned about is if there are gaps in our earnings history or a partial credit (change of employers) that should have been credited. there are many reasons that this can occur such as just a lost document in the Mail or an employer was bought out or closed and did not report your hard earned earnings period. 

How Do I Find This Statement? 

In 1999, the Social Security Administration mailed a paper copy to everyone every year. Budget cuts a dozen years later stopped this handy paper copy, leaving all of us to easily forget to double check our statement annually. 

For the record according to the Administration folks at age 60 are supposed to receive a paper copy, but our informal poll shows a low hit ratio. 

Not to worry, it is not that hard set up an account, ESPECIALLY if it is your first time. 

Go to www.ssa.gov and either log into your account or create an account and pull down your statement…

Oh, keep your credentials safe … lost mine and was a huge pain getting logged back into the site!

Have a Great “Social Security Earnings History Check Reminder” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.

A Dallas Texas based fee only

Financial Planning Total Wealth

Management firm.

jkfinancialinc

street-cents

Why you need to know your Credit Score and where to get your Annual Free Credit Report – Re-run Annual Reminder

As mentioned last week this is a re-run post that is timely and a good idea to do every year…. hat tip DK!

Knowing your credit score and your credit report has become increasingly important. With updates in technology and increases of consumer related fraud, we all need to keep an eye on our credit and our credit score for protection.

Why Do I need to Know or protect my score?credit-40673__340

While you may not owe anyone, anything i.e. have a loan with anyone … well done by the way….. A bad credit score can still affect items such as your automobile and your homeowners premiums… no kidding (see this  Forbes article.) We cannot blame them, there is data to check and it is their responsibility and ability to review it.

Bottom line a bad credit score or report may be costing you more money.

How do I get a copy of my credit report?

After you get your score, you may want to get a detailed copy of your credit report. Go to www.annualcreditreport.com, which is a free service offered for your own protection by the three agencies. There are tons of sites out there that are not free and try to seduce you into paying an unnecessary monthly fee, this site has been checked and is safe.

You may request all three services or just use one and keep the other two available at a later time. This may be handy as you only get one free report per agency per year. If you stagger the reports you can inquire at different times, keep later dates open for inquiry.

If your report is good, there is likely no reason to get more than one agency report.  If your report has deficiencies you may protest from the site as it is reported.

Taking time to review your credit and credit score is easy and may save you angst and money!

Have a great “Safe Credit” day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

What to do When You’re in an Automobile Accident? Multiple Professional Interviews Done on the Subject … A Follow Up to Buy or Lease

So after much deliberation from our post on Buy or Lease that Next Car, you are behind the seat of your “New to You” vehicle, and you did it with knowledge, style, and confidence.

Congratulations!

What’s Next? Not being negative here….

Recall the Scout Motto “Be Prepared”

What to Do When You are in an Automobile AccidentAuto Accident

First and most importantly, if there is an injury of any seriousness immediately call 911 and get the EMT there to help.  This sounds obvious, but in every case the following interviews and information was preceded by this fact.

Former Police Chief, Current Judge Offers Suggestions

“Use your camera as a weapon; Video tape and picture everything you possible can, including VIN numbers of the cars involved, and even get an interview with someone as a witness if you had someone that would do that.”

Police from Local Campus Near Home

A Second interview of a local campus police officer went like this – Upon request they would gladly do a police report and they could also call the local police, in this case Dallas.  They would do a police report if the damage was more than $2000. otherwise, they would generally not do a police report unless asked.  He also mentioned to take pictures of everything and if possible make sure automobile and license are both valid or legit.

Call to Insurance Company for Guidance

Per a call to my automobile insurance company the following were suggested:

  1. Get a police report if possible especially if the damages are of substance
  2. If you’re in a no-fault state you’ll need to contact your insurance carrier no matter if
  3. Use Phone to take Pictures of everything – theme developing here

The idea for this article came on a chance plane ride with the former Police Chief sitting next to me as the Buy or Lease Article was being completed/edited on the plane ride….

Thanks Chief for the idea….

Let’s Be Careful Out There – Showing Age  (Hill Street Blues)

Have A Great “Prepared if in an Accident” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

 

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

Should you Buy or Lease that Next Car?

Long desired but fearful of repercussions of writing this article, we finally had the courage to jump in. Opinions on this subject are sometimes very strong (maybe even divisive!) on either side of the fence.

In doing research for this we came across a very handy internet site, www.usedfirst.com. While you may only be interested in buying a new car or leasing, one of the most important items is the residual value, especially in leasing. As the following neat graph shows from the site, there are dramatic differences in the decay value of cars. In our opinion, worthy of at least a few minutes research, especially if you are open to different makes and models.

 

Depreciation Comparison Studies

Those that are interested in buying a used car, the handy site will also target an expected BEST year to buy the car, as shown in the next very high end auto, with a steep depreciation schedule.

Benz Depreciation chart

The Case For Leasing

Leasing a car is by far the least expensive from a out of pocket standpoint (minimum monthly payment) way to get into a NEW Car.

In certain cases there is a great desire to drive a vehicle that is no more than two or three years old, in this case leasing is likely your best decision. Continued safety is certainly a big point for the new car ownership.

The Case For New Car

If you are one that must have a new car, but are willing to keep it for an extended period of time,  purchasing a new car is likely your best option.

A favorite place to buy a new car which we have had good experience is a membership program such as Costco or Sam’s or any other type of membership that gives you some sort of unique advantage or barrier for the general public. Always check the prices using your friendly Internet as there is tons of information out there to get the price range of the vehicle you want.

The Case for a Used Car

With a normal depreciation of between 15% and 30% per year (there are exceptions, but on the average these numbers are correct), our favorite “new car to you” purchase recommendation is buying a one or two-year-young automobile with low mileage, and keeping it until it will drive no more. Most cases this will save you a great deal of money-there are exceptions be sure, we recently ran onto a situation where a later year brand new car was within striking distance of a used car because the new models were coming out. In this case it made sense not to opt for a one-year-old car and just buy a late year new car. But on the margin, the statistics above are true.

Have a Great “Lease or Buy Car Informed” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents