Category Archives: Tax Related

Why an Inheritance is usually NOT Taxable !

Several times in the most recent quarter we were asked, and discussed in detail, if an inheritance is taxable? Because of this repeated subject we thought it appropriate to broach the subject here.

So is an inheritance taxable?inheritance

For the most part no. There are of course exceptions (certain states have silly inheritance laws, but these are slowly being repealed due to state resident desire). Under current tax law, upon death after tax investments receive a step up in basis, which means they are marked as the value of the deceased as fair value. This means that if an asset was purchased for just pennies decades ago, it’s new basis for the inheritor is the fair market value at the date of death.

As a side note for those thinking of gifting appreciated assets (to non charitable recipient) one might want to consider this step up in basis. If you gift a highly appreciated asset it will carry your basis and the recipient will then have Taxes upon sale.  All things considered equal, upon death that same asset under current tax law will transfer to the recipient with little or no taxes.

Once the assets are transferred into the beneficiaries account, the interest, dividend and capital gain clock will begin and moving forward, taxes will be due on this amount as the beneficiary becomes the owner of the asset, but the initial transfer will not be taxable, a very fair tax situation.

Receiving an IRA as Inheritance?  There are taxes, but not Immediately

Under current tax laws an IRA will pass to a spouse, child, sibling or other direct heir with no mandatory complete distribution necessary-there will be possible minimum distributions.

If a spouse is in the age range of RMD (Required Minimum Distributions) the receiving beneficiary spouse will pick up mandatory distributions based on his or her age. If a child is the recipient of an IRA the child’s age blended with the original decedent and will be computed to mandate a non-penalty but much smaller required minimum distribution even if the beneficiary is very young.

If the inheritor wanted to distribute the entire IRA, she/he has that option with no penalty, however this would bring full taxable income for the entire amount of the distribution, a decision that would need to be carefully considered before commencement.

So in summary, the immediate transfer of assets carries very little tax burden to the inheritor. Moving forward interest, dividends, future capital gains in after-tax accounts would be taxable, and in the case of an IRA the beneficiary, the RMD amount will be required and taxable, but in almost all cases these are the only taxes mandates.

Have a Great “No Inheritance Tax” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

End of Year Tax Reminders! Tick Tock

While there are a fair amount of tax techniques that can be used next year to reach back to this current year, since this is the last Newsletter of the year we wanted to remind of a few timely tax reminders.

Is your DOB between 7-1-48 to 6-30-49?

Then you turn 70.5 in 2019 and you CAN defer your RMD until 2020, however you will have two RMD’s next year — be careful, large distributions could toss you into an extra tax bracket.

The mandatory commencement date of RMD’s is the year AFTER you turn 70.5 years young, under current tax law. If you accept this first year deferral, you will incur two RMD’s in the year you commence your first RMD.

Depending on the situation, it may be advisable to distribute your first year RMD a year early so as not to clump your taxable distribution.

401k and other Company Retirement Plans Maximization

For 2019 the maximum 401(k) contribution is $19,000, if you are 50 or over you can put an additional $6000 making a total of $25,000.

Now is a good time to check and make sure you’re on schedule to maximize your deferral, especially if your age 50 or over and extra especially if you turned 50 this year, we find that employers sometimes need a nudge to allow us to do that extra $6000 catch up provision.

529 Distributions or Contributions

Contributions and distributions should be made by the end of the year for this fiscal year as there is no look back feature on 529 plans. Distributions for this years education expenses should be made this year, allowing a matching of expenses with distributions in the same year.

Charitable Donations 

Make your donations by year end if you want to take a charitable deduction this year. Charitable donations are not allowed any look back, and as such must be made by the end of the year if you wish to deduct them on this year‘s taxes.

Well there are a fair amount of look back tax deductions, many of which we will discuss in the next newsletter and after the turning of the new year,  these tax deductions have an ironclad ending date, which is the end of this year if you wish to meet the deductibility requirements.

You have plenty of time now, but the clock is ticking!

Have a Great “End Of Year Tax” Reminders Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

Q 3 Quarterly Review Cover Letter

A True Yogi Berra saying may be fitting now – It’s like déjà vu all over again!”

Tariffs and Trade War Talks Continue

While the tariff banter seems relentless and every day changing, leading to Capital Market bipolar movements, one day irrational exuberance, and the next day irrationally depressed, as mentioned in our Q4 Newsletter, tariff talk has been going on for decades. With today’s constant bombardment of immediate news stories and short clips it seems, present party included, to be constant and all encompassing. The reality is this likely will work itself out, just as seen in the graph in the newsletter. Our bet is once the tariff talk turns into tariff agreements, we will see market relief and higher overall interest rates. For now, there’s no doubt that the tariff talk is slowing the global economy and there is no envy for public company managers trying to navigate the possible changes that occur on a day by day basis, making it very tough to stock inventory and make purchases.

Treasury Rates- Interest rate cycle

Given the afore mentioned Tariff Talk, FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) led by chief Jerome Powell and a company have embarked on a lowering of rates, twice to be exact, but only two .25 basis points each, in an attempt to help ease interest rate burdens and spur the economy. While not huge fans of the lowering of rates at this time due to gun powder needs at a future, when the inevitable recession occurs, at this time it appears we are on an interest rate decrease path, a complete 180° turn from just one year ago, when reserve officials were raising. If there is an agreement in Tariff talk, lowering of rates would likely stop, and we might even hear talks of raising, making for an interesting rate cycle. Time will tell.

Taxes or the savings of taxes paid

As we head into the final quarter of the year it’s time to make sure we’ve done all we can do for this years’ , especially items that have no look back features. As also mentioned in our Q4 newsletter, be sure to max those 401(k)s, contribute or distribute from 529‘s, complete Required Minimum Distributions (RMD’s) and make sure those charitable giving are complete this year, as all of these items have a hard stop year-end deadline.

Have a great day and start to fall!

Sincerely,

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Enclosure 2019 Report

Q 4 2019 Newsletter Video Audio Podcast Review By John Kvale

Welcome to our Video and Audio Podcast Review of our Q 4 2019 Newsletter. For those on the road or just unable to grab the time to read, our podcast type review gives you the behind the scenes insight to our thoughts, observations and deep views of the entire Newsletter.

Click Here for direct link to an electronic version (an early peek-good ole fashion paper versions are on their way to you shortly) and here for our Newsletter page

Let’s get going!

Q 4 2019 Newsletter

Click for PDF/printable version of Newsletter

 

And here is your review!

Is it Time to Refinance?

With Mortgage rates moving lower, we discuss the major items to think of when refinancing your Mortgage.

Our most clever point is we like to have an 18 month payback for the costs when refinancing… this serves as a good barometer on when to refinance, irrespective of the size of your Mortgage.

 

30 Year US Avg Mortgage Rate

 

Tariff Talk

It’s been going on for a long time

Trade Wars AKA Tariff talks have been around for a long time. This is not our first rodeo… notice how trade has been more efficient over time!

 

us-trade-wars-history Cropped

End of Year Tax Reminders

While there are a lot of reach back tax items i.e. Things we can do next year for this years taxes… there are many that have a firm year end deadline-

  • RMD – Required Minimum Distributions
  • Company Related Retirement plans i.e. 401k
  • Charitable Donations
  • 529 and other education programs

We hope you enjoy … talk to you in ….. 2020 WOOOW !!!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
www.street-cents.com

September 2019 Podcast Video, Financial Planning and Capital Market Update – By John Kvale

Hello and Welcome to our September 2019 Financial Planning and Capital Market Update!

If you are too busy to read, feel free to listen as we describe our post and thoughts in friendly podcast format as well as Video!

BREAK IN :

November 14th from 6:30 to 9 PM – Perot Museum – For the Evening

Newbies –

We like to articulate our thoughts and review on a Monthly basis our Financial Planning Tips, Capital Markets and current events!

September – 2019 Video

Financial Planning Tip (s) –

RMD Season is here – Is your DOB between 7-1-48 to 6-30-49 ?

In this post, we reminded all of those with the unique option of deferring that first RMD an extra year on the perils of the double income from that deferral decision…..

Defer at your own risk and make sure you will not jump a tax bracket by doing so!

Mortgage Rate Update – Time to Refinance?

Mortgage rates (the drop there of – in rates) caught our attention and in this post, we reminded of eleven (just counted them – was surprised so many) items to think of when/if you should refinance – its a big decision and there are many variables,  if you didn’t catch the post and have been in your loan for a few years, be sure to take a look … another reminder will also make its way to you in the Q 4 2019 Newsletter –

30 Year US Avg Mortgage Rate

 

Capital Market Comments –

Inverted Yield Curve Update

In this post, early in the month we reviewed the definitely inverted yield curve…. and spoke to this being one of the slowest recoveries on record…. just after our post, the yield curve did normalize on positive trade talks…. Look for more details in the coming Q 4 2019 Newsletter-

9-3-19 three month less 10 year fred graph

FED Lowers Again, but only by .25%

Jerome Powell Chief of the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) lowered rates by .25% to the 1.75 to 2.00% range, which will directly effect our overnight money, such as checking accounts and money markets…

Their fear is the prior mentioned Tariff saber rattling causing an extended slowdown….

We prefer they save that gunpowder for a real fire, but just pouring a small bit of gasoline on the coals is ok for now!

FOMC Rate now

Have a Great Day – Talk to you at the end of October!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
www.jkfinancialinc.com
street-cents

RMD Season is here – Is your DOB between 7-1-48 to 6-30-49 ? You have a decision!

RMD – AKA Required Minimum Distributions – the Governments’ mandate of distribution from our IRA (Pre-Tax) funds in order to finally occur taxes is upon us…..

RMD Season Uncle Sam

In the coming weeks we will begin transferring mandated funds from our IRA/Qualified/Pre-Tax accounts to their directed destinations….

As a reminder this is so the US Government gets to take the taxes due …

IMPORTANT (Neat) Facts –

  1. RMD $$ mandated amounts are determined by the value of applicable accounts on the last day of the prior year
  2. Current year age is a necessary factor included in calculating the RMD – see below next, first time exception – each year of seasoning (getting older) we are forced to take more out of the applicable accounts – hey the IRS has never taxed us on these in many cases – it’s their time!
  3. After tax contributions to a qualified account MUST be accounted for in order to avoid taxes – here are greater details and our taxpayer obligations on this –  don’t overpay – the IRS is not tracking this and will not come to the rescue and lower your taxes
  4. All of an individual’s accounts must be included/totaled/value (certain exceptions are made to those continuing to work) to ascertain the needed distribution
  5. Any one account can be used to satisfy the needed distribution (you do not have to take a little from each account, making it easier from an organization standpoint) BUT you must take at least the minimum distribution
  6. Failure to take the mandated distribution amount COULD result in a 100% tax – Break in – our experience has been the IRS is nice about this, but let’s not test them

Here is a neat three part series from a while back that is worth a review!

70.5 is the key starting age

The mandatory commencement date of RMD’s is the year AFTER you turn 70.5 years young, under current tax law…

If you accept this first year deferral, you will incur two RMD’s in the year you commence your first RMD…

Depending on the situation, it may be advisable to distribute your first year RMD a year early so as not to clump your taxable distribution….

Is your DOB between 7-1-48 to 6-30-49?

Then you turn 70.5 in 2019 and you CAN defer your RMD until 2020, however you will have two RMD’s next year — be careful, large distributions could toss you into an extra tax bracket.

Reach out if you have ANY questions, we have plenty of time, BUT the clock is ticking…

Have a great ‘RMD Efficient Distribution” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents

Quarterly (Q 3 2019 1040 ES) Estimated Tax Reminder … Payment Due This Coming Monday –

For those of you that need to pay in estimated taxes, this is your friendly reminder…

Payment Due Dates

3rd payment …………….. Sept. 16, 2019
4th payment …………….. Jan. 15, 2020*

Quarterly Estimated Tax Payment Reminder

Here is the link to IRS Publication 1040 ES  – which has EVERYTHING you need to file your ES payment!

Here is the ES payment coupon due Monday September 16, 2019:

Q 3 1040 ES Voucher

 

Here is where to send the ES Payments:

2019 Where to File ES Payments

 

State Income Tax filers, you may also need to file a similar report as the above is for Federal Only Income Tax filers…

Talk to you next week – thanks for your time!

Have a Great “Quarterly ES Reminder” Day!

John A. Kvale CFA, CFP

Founder of J.K. Financial, Inc.
A Dallas Texas based fee only
Financial Planning Total Wealth
Management firm.
jkfinancialinc
street-cents